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Bird name:

Gannet

Morus bassanus

Order

PELECANIFORMES

Family

Booby and Gannets (Sulidae)

BTO 2

CX

BTO 5

GANNE

Euring 5

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Gannet breeds and winters in varous coastal sites of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has an "Amber" status because of recent population declines.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Gannet: Large, long-winged seabird with rather stout, pointed bill, and pointed tail. Mostly white with black in wings and pale golden on head. Light coloured eye and bill with narrow black edging, and black legs and feet. Plunges headfirst into water from considerable height when feeding.


Range and Habitat

Gannet: Summer breeder. Most breed on islands off Wales and Scotland, though a few coastal colonies are found in the UK and Ireland. Birds arrive in January and begin winter migration in late summer, when they are easiest to see. Inhabit open islands and coastal cliffs; otherwise found offshore.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Gannet 1

  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Title: Gannet 1
  • Description: Repeated calls at a breeding colony.
  • Location: uk
  • Date: "February 7, 2011"

Voice Text

"grrah", "grrah", "grrah", "grrrrrou"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Gannet has also been called solan, solan goose, and solant bird.
  • Sixty-eight percent of the world population breeds around the coasts of Great Britain, with the largest colonies on the Bass Rock and Boreray, St Kilda.
  • Inhabitants of the town of Ness of the Isle of Lewis are allowed to kill up to 2,000 Gannets, locally known as guga, each year to serve as a traditional local delicacy. The taste is described as fishy.
  • A group of gannets has many collective nouns, including a "company", "gannetry", and a "plunging" of gannets.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Gannet

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Ashli Maruster

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX