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Bird name:

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)

BTO 2

RM

BTO 5

REBME

Euring 5

02210
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Red-breasted Merganser breeds and winters in various coastal areas of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has a "Green"status because of its large, stable population.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

SUMMARY

Overview

Red-breasted Merganser: Slender duck with thin, slightly upturned, serrated bill. Dark, black-green, crested head, red eye, and red-orange bill. White neck band, pale brown neck and breast with black streaks. Black and grey back, grey tail. Black and white wings, grey sides, white belly and vent.


Range and Habitat

Red-breasted Merganser: Resident breeder and winter visitor to the UK and Ireland. Resident populations can be seen all year across Scotland and in parts of northern England, Ireland and Wales. Visitors from Europe join resident flocks at English coastlines. Birds can be found at both fresh and saltwater areas.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Red-breasted Merganser 3

  • Title: Red-breasted Merganser 3
  • Description: Male calls.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Red-breasted Merganser 2

  • Title: Red-breasted Merganser 2
  • Description: Display calls of a couple.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Red-breasted Merganser 4

  • Title: Red-breasted Merganser 4
  • Description: Series of quacks.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Voice Text

Generally silent, male display call is a quiet "chica.....pitchee", female call is a grating, repeated "prrack".

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Red-breasted Merganser was first described in 1758 by Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist.
  • It is possible that it the fastest bird in level flight. It can reach speeds of 129 km/h (80 mph), but is disputed whether the White-throated Needletail is faster, which has been reported to fly at 170 km/h (105 mph).
  • They breed farther north and winter farther south than many other mergansers, and prefers salt water to fresh.
  • A group of ducks has many collective nouns, including a "brace", "daggle", "flock", "paddling", and a "wadddling" of ducks.

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

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Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BACKYARD BIRDING

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BIRDS AND BIRDING

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)
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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX