Brown-chested Martin

Progne tapera

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

BCMA

Code 6

PROTAP

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Brown-chested Martin has a large breeding range of 8,240,000 square kilometers. It breeds along rivers and other wetland habitats in northern South America, and along the southern edge of Amazonia south to Argentina. Some populations of this species migrate to Amazonia and eastern Panama, and the species has occurred as a vagrant to North America. It prefers grasslands and other open habitats where it forages for small insects caught in flight, and nests in cavities in trees, in burrows, and even in the abandoned nests of other birds. Although a very rare vagrant to North America, the Brown-chested Martin is believed to have a large, stable population, and a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Brown-chested Martin: Medium-sized swallow with brown upperparts. The underparts are white with a brown chest band and brown on the flanks. Black bill is short, wide, and slightly decurved and forked tail is short to medium in length. Swooping, erratic flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Brown-chested Martin: This species breeds in grasslands and other open areas in much of South America. Vagrants in North America have shown up in coastal areas and other open habitats from North Carolina to Massachusetts. These birds winter in South America and Panama and very rarely in North America.

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Brown-chested Martin SONGS AND CALLS

Brown-chested Martin A1

Song consists of trilled and gurgled notes that rise and fall in pitch.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Chip, chip, gurgle, twitter"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Some may end up in North America due to reverse migration-flying north instead of south.
  • The Brown-chested Martin is common in South America. The first sighting in North America was in 1983 at the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge near Chatham, Massachusetts and it has been spotted on less than ten occasions in the USA since then
  • They frequently nest in holes in the dry-mud nest of the Rufous Hornero, a common bird of South American grasslands
  • A group of Brown-chested Martins are collectively known as a "colony" of martins.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X