Bonin Petrel

Pterodroma hypoleuca

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

BOPE

Code 6

PTEHYP

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Bonin Petrel is a small petrel that breeds on remote islands south of Japan and in the northwestern Hawaiian Islands. It occurs in pelagic waters near its breeding grounds and migrates to the pelagic waters off the eastern coast of Japan after breeding. The Bonin Petrel is believed to have a population of a million or more individuals and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

SUMMARY

Overview

Bonin Petrel: This small seabird has a short, slightly hooked bill with a short tube on the top. It has gray upperparts, a gray neck side and a white front and underparts. Upper wings are black-gray, and under wings are white with black-gray leading and trailing edges. It has pink legs and feet and an agile flight with rapid wing beats. It mainly feeds on lantern fish and hatchet fish.

 

Range and Habitat

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Bonin Petrel SONGS AND CALLS

Bonin Petrel J4

Various calls from a pair.

Bonin Petrel J1

Calls from nesting grounds at night.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Skeeeuur"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of petrels are collectively known as a "gallon" and a "tank" of petrels.
  • The Bonin Petrel used to nest on the main Hawaiian Islands, as evidenced by fossil remains.
  • The proximity of their bones to human archeology suggests they were a food source for Polynesian settlers. They were extirpated from the main island before the arrival of the Europeans.
  • The word "petrel" is from the Latin word for Saint Peter, and refers the birds' habit of hovering over the water with their feet nearly touching the surface, giving an appearance of walking on water, as Peter is said to have done.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X