Japanese Quail

Coturnix japonica

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

JAQU

Code 6

COTJAP

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Japanese Quail is a small quail species that breeds in southeastern Russia, northeastern China, and northern Japan and winters in southern Japan, eastern and southern China, Burma, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand. It has also been successfully introduced to the Hawaiian Islands. The Japanese Quail forages for small creatures and vegetable matter on the ground in open, grassy habitats. This species has a large population and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

SUMMARY

Overview

Japanese Quail: This small bird has white streaks on mottled gray-brown upperparts, white eyebrow, gray breast with black-gray streaks, rufous sides with white streaks, white belly, gray bill, tan legs and a short tail. The male's throat and face are rufous; female's is white with a black-gray border. Feeds on grass seeds and insects. Direct flight with rapid wing beats using short rounded wings.

 

Range and Habitat

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Japanese Quail SONGS AND CALLS

Japanese Quail E1

Song is three short burry notes, the third one longer and higher in pitch.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Quirk, quick, creee!"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of quails has many collective nouns, including a "battery", "drift", "flush", "rout", and "shake" of quails.
  • Japanese Quail eggs have been successfully incubated and hatched on the Mir space station.
  • The Japanese Quail is known as the "Yoaroppauzura" in Japan.
  • This species has been kept in captivity in Japan since the 12th century.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X