Brahminy Kite

Haliastur indus

Order

ACCIPITRIFORMES

Family

Kites, Eagles and Hawks (Accipitridae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

HALIND

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Brahminy Kite has a breeding range more than 8 million square kilometers. This common raptor is resident throughout much of Pakistan, India. Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and coastal sites in eastern China, Thailand, New Guinea, and northern Australia. It forages for carrion and fish in mangroves, coastal areas, along rivers, and in towns. The population is believed to be close to 100,000 individuals. Although habitat loss, persecution, and pesticide use are expected to cause some population declines, the decline is not expected to be large enough to warrant a conservation rating other than Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Brahminy Kite: Large, chestnut-colored raptor with white head and breast. Faint streaks on crown, nape, and breast, and long, broad wings with black primaries. Medium length tail with slightly rounded tip. Sexes are similar. Juvenile brown with some white on head, pale patch on base of primaries, buff streaks on underparts, and black primaries.

 

Range and Habitat

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Brahminy Kite SONGS AND CALLS

Brahminy Kite H1

Common call is a descending, low-pitched "kweeaah" given by pairs.

Brahminy Kite LL1

Nasal "peee-yah" call given in flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"kweeaah", "peee-yah"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Fledglings and young birds have been recorded demonstrating play behavior, dropping leaves and then swooping to catch them midair.
  • In Indonesia, this bird is known as Elang Bondol and it is Jakarta's official mascot. In India, this kite is seen as a representation of Garuda, a sacred bird of the Hindu god Vishnu. Also Langkawi, an island in Malaysia, is named after this bird.
  • The Brahminy Kite was first described by Dutch naturalist Pieter Boddaert in 1783.
  • A group of kites is collectively known as a "brood", an "eyrie", a "kettle", a "nest", a "roost", a "soar", a "stooping" and a "string" of kites.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X