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Bird name:

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

BTO 2

SM

BTO 5

SANMA

Euring 5

09810
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Sand Martin is a summer resident in much of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has a "Green" status because of its large, stable population.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Sand Martin: Small swallow with brown upperparts, and a brown breast band seperating white underparts from white throat and chin. Tail is notched. Brown legs and feet. The smallest swallow in the UK. Swift, erratic flight, alternating several shallow, rapid wing beats with short to long glides.


Range and Habitat

Sand Martin: Summer visitor to most of the UK and Ireland. Begins to arrive in March and leaves by August. Spends the winter in Africa. Preferred habitats include riverbanks, creeks, seashores, and lakes, where ever there are sandy vertical banks for nesting. Also found nesting in quarries.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Sand Martin 2

  • Title: Sand Martin 2
  • Description: Flight calls.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Sand Martin 3

  • Title: Sand Martin 3
  • Description: Calls from a large colony.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Sand Martin 4

  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Title: Sand Martin 4
  • Description: Colony calls.
  • Location: uk
  • Date: "February 7, 2011"

Xeno-Canto Sound

Sand Martin A1

  • Title: Sand Martin A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a harsh, unmusical "trit-trit" chattering.
  • Location: NT
  • Date: "August 15, 2016"

Jean Roche Similar Sounding

House Martin 1

  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Title: House Martin 1
  • Description: Various calls.
  • Location: uk
  • Date: "February 7, 2011"

Voice Text

"pret", "trit-trit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The scientific name of the Sand Martin, Riparia, means “riverbank.”
  • This species originally nested in the steep, sandy banks of rivers but have adapted to using many different man-made excavations.
  • Most pairs in breeding colonies lay their eggs at the same time so they will be feeding nestlings at the same time. This means there will be a large number of adults searching for swarms of insects, which makes it more likely they will find them.
  • A group of martins has many collective nouns, including a "circlage", "flight", "gulp", "richness", and "swoop" of martins.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Sand Martin

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX