Oriental Pratincole

Glareola maldivarum

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Coursers and Pratincoles (Glareolidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

GLAMAL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Oriental Pratincole has a large range of 1,700,000 square kilometers. This species breeds in open fields, marshes, along large rivers, and other open habitats in southeastern Russia, eastern Mongolia, eastern China, northwestern India, and southeastern Asia. It winters in Indonesia, New Guinea, northern Australia, and some Pacific islands. The population of this species is estimated to be around 3 million individuals. Although the Oriental Pratincole is believed to declining in some parts of its range, its population is still believed to be stable and large enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Oriental Pratincole: Small, gray-brown wader-like bird with white belly, vent, and rump. White crescent below eye, black border to white-buff throat. Long gray-brown wings, red-brown wing lining. White tail with black band, long outer tail feathers. Sexes similar, winter adult and juvenile lack red on bill and have less black on head and throat.

 

Range and Habitat

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Oriental Pratincole SONGS AND CALLS

Oriental Pratincole OO1

Soft "chet" flight calls given by a courting pair.

Oriental Pratincole E1

Typical flight calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"chet", "kyik"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • An unusual feature of these birds is that, while they are classified as waders, they more commonly hunt their prey on the wing.
  • On February 7, 2014, 2.5 million Oriental Pratincoles were recorded on Eighty Mile Beach in Western Australia. This unusual occurrence is attributed to weather conditions.
  • Other common names for the Oriental Pratincole include Grasshopper Bird and Swallow-plover.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Wing liningX
The wing lining is the short and softer median, lesser and marginal coverts on the underwing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X