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Bird name:

Fulmar

Fulmarus glacialis

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

BTO 2

F.

BTO 5

FULMA

Euring 5

00220
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Fulmar breeds and winters in many coastal areas of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. However, it has an "Amber" status because it is considered Endangered in Europe.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Fulmar: Gull-like seabird with dark eye, short, thick neck, and rather stubby bill with short tube-like structure on top. Plumage varies from light grey above with white head and underparts to more uniform grey. White patch at base of primaries seen in gliding and flapping flight.


Range and Habitat

Fulmar: Resident breeder and winter visitor. Visible all year at some breeding grounds, although greater numbers can be seen during winter months. Usually returns in December. More common in coastal Scotland and the Northern Isles. Breeds on most UK sea cliffs. Otherwise flocks are found offshore.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Fulmar 1

  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Title: Fulmar 1
  • Description: Cackling given at a breeding colony.
  • Location: uk
  • Date: "February 7, 2011"

Voice Text

Generally silent except for cackling at nesting colonies.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Fulmar is one of the longest-lived birds. In Scotland, several were banded as adults in 1951 and were still breeding in 1990, at ages likely greater than 50 years.
  • Nesting birds and chicks can eject an evil smelling stomach oil up to 6 feet, which repels unwanted visitors. It will matt the plumage of avian predators, and can lead to their death.
  • Fossil bones found on the Pacific coast of California have led to the description of two prehistoric species.
  • A group of petrels are known collectively as a "gallon" or "tank" of petrels.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Fulmar

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX