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Bird name:

Scottish Crossbill

Loxia scotica

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Finches (Fringillidae)

BTO 2

CY

BTO 5

SCOCR

Euring 5

16670
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Scottish Crossbill is only found in the Scottish highlands. It has an "Amber" status because of recent population declines.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSChannel.cs:line 85 at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSWebControl.cs:line 102

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSChannel.cs:line 85 at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSWebControl.cs:line 102

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSChannel.cs:line 85 at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSWebControl.cs:line 102

SUMMARY

Overview

Scottish Crossbill: Sparrow-sized finch with stout bill that has crossed mandibles. Mostly orange-red with grey highlights on flanks and around eye. Long wings and forked tail brown grey. Dark grey spots on buff vent. Pale brown and grey bill. Undulating flight. Only occurs in Scottish highlands.


Range and Habitat

Scottish Crossbill: Resident breeder endemic to Britain. Birds can be seen all year. Breeding area is restricted to pine forest located in the Highlands of Scotland. Birds can be found in both ancient forest and commercial forestry plantations.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Scottish Crossbill 1

  • Title: Scottish Crossbill 1
  • Description: Song is a mix of trills, calls, twittering.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 21, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Scottish Crossbill 2

  • Title: Scottish Crossbill 2
  • Description: Typical song.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 21, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Jean Roche Similar Sounding

Crossbill 3

  • Title: Crossbill 3
  • Description: Song is a mixture of trills and calls.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Voice Text

"chip," "chip," "chip," "chip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Scottish Crossbill is endemic to the Caledonian Forests of Scotland. It is viewed as the only bird unique to the British Isles.
  • Different species of crossbills are so difficult to distinguish from one another that their calls must be recorded and analyzed on a sonogram in order to confirm identity.
  • Research conducted by the RSPB has shown that Scottish Crossbills have distinct flight patterns and excitement calls from other crossbills.
  • A group of crossbills are known collectively as a "crookedness" or a "warp" of crossbills.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSChannel.cs:line 85 at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSWebControl.cs:line 102

BACKYARD BIRDING

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSChannel.cs:line 85 at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSWebControl.cs:line 102

BIRDS AND BIRDING

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSChannel.cs:line 85 at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output) in C:\Users\rick\Documents\projects\MWG\SkinnedWebClient\MWG.Controls\RSSWebControl.cs:line 102
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VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX