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Bird name:

Stone-curlew

Burhinus oedicnemus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Stone-curlews (Burhinidae)

BTO 2

TN

BTO 5

STOCU

Euring 5

04590
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


3 Concern, most not in Europe; Vulnerable

Conservation Description


The Stone-curlew is locally distributed in western, southern, and central Europe, and is fairly widespread in Spain, Portugal, northern Africa, and central and southern Asia. Some populations also winter in sub-Saharan Africa south to Tanzania. This shorebird of dry habitats prefers open stony plains and pastures, and heaths. Although it has greatly decreased in many areas of Europe, its global population is believed to be large and stable enough (140,000 to 330,000 individuals) to not warrant inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The Stone-curlew is therefore evaluated as Least Concern.

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Stone-curlew: Wood Pigeon-sized with large yellow eyes. Pale brown with dark brown streaks on upperparts, neck, and breast. Much white above and below eye and on lores. Also white throat and belly. Short bill yellow with black tip, green-yellow legs and feet. Wings pale brown, black, and white.


Range and Habitat

Stone-curlew: Scarce summer breeder in England. Can be seen from early spring through late summer when birds depart for winter grounds in Africa. Birds prefer dry, sparse, open-country landscapes and are usually visible only in Norfolk and Wiltshire.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Bernard Sound

Stone-curlew 1

Repeated "cur-lee" call.

Stone-curlew 2

Rapidly repeated calls.

Bernard Similar Sounding

Curlew 3

Song is a repeated trill given in flight.

Curlew 6

Call is a rising "cur-li, cur-li, cur-li."

Voice Text

"cur-lee," "churrrreee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Stone-curlew is not related to the curlew; the common name comes from the stone-curlew's repeated 'kur-lee' call.
  • The specific name Oedicnemus derives from the Greek for 'swollen shinned', these birds are also known as "Thick Knees" due to their large, heavy-looking legs.
  • Other local names for this bird include "Norfolk plover" and "Goggle eyes."
  • A group of curlews has many collective nouns, including a "curfew", "salon", and "skein" of curlews.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Stone-Curlew

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX