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Bird name:

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

BTO 2

EP

BTO 5

LEASA

Euring 5

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Not Assessed

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the Least Sandpiper is a very rare migrant with one record per year on average. Is is most likely to occur from August to October. The conservation status for this species is "not assessed' in the UK because it only occurs as a rare migrant, and is not globally threatened.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Least Sandpiper: This small sandpiper has brown-scaled upperparts and a rust-brown crown. The breast and throat are dark-spotted; belly, under tail are white. The wings have thin white stripes visible in flight. The black line on the rump extends onto the tail. The legs and feet are yellow-green. It feeds mostly on insects. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat

Least Sandpiper: Rare vagrant to the UK & Ireland. Breeds from inland Alaska across northern Canada to Labrador and south to Nova Scotia. Spends winters from the Pacific coast, across the southern U.S. south to central South America and the West Indies. Frequents sandy beaches and exposed tidal flats.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Least Sandpiper C1

  • Title: Least Sandpiper C1
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Flight call is a high-pitched "kreep".
  • Location: CA
  • Date: "March 16, 2017"

Least Sandpiper A2

  • Title: Least Sandpiper A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Both rapidly trilled and repeated "seet" alarm calls.
  • Location: AK
  • Date: "March 16, 2017"

Least Sandpiper A3

  • Title: Least Sandpiper A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song in flight.
  • Location: YT
  • Date: "March 16, 2017"

Least Sandpiper A4

  • Title: Least Sandpiper A4
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a series of high "trrree" notes and trills.
  • Location: YT
  • Date: "March 16, 2017"

Voice Text

"Dididididi", "preeep", "pree-rreeep"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.
  • The Least Sandpiper was first described in 1819 by Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot, a French ornithologist. It is the smallest shorebird in the world.
  • They often occur in flocks of dozens or hundreds, rather than thousands like some other sandpipers.
  • They tend to forage at the upper edge of mudflats or along drier margins of inland ponds than other related small sandpipers.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Least Sandpiper

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX