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Bird name:

Goosander

Mergus merganser

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)

BTO 2

GD

BTO 5

GOOSA

Euring 5

02230
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the Goosander mostly breeds in northern England and Scotland, and mostly winters in Britain. It has a "Green" status because of its large, stable population.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Goosander: Large duck with long, thin bill. Mostly white with creamy highlights. Black head with dark green highlights, black on back and in wings. Also has pale grey lower back, rump, and tail, and dark orange bill, legs, and feet. Fast, direct flight. Bill serrations usually not visible in field.


Range and Habitat

Goosander: Winter visitor and resident breeder. During summer breeding birds can be found in Wales, north and west England, and Scotland on upland waterways and lakes. Ireland has a very small breeding population. During winter birds visit from northern Europe and are likely to be found on estuaries, lakes, gravel pits and reservoirs.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Goosander 4

  • Title: Goosander 4
  • Description: Male courtship calls.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Goosander 2

  • Title: Goosander 2
  • Description: Display sounds.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Goosander 3

  • Title: Goosander 3
  • Description: A couple on the water.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Goosander 5

  • Title: Goosander 5
  • Description: Female calls.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Goosander 6

  • Title: Goosander 6
  • Description: Flight calls.
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Voice Text

Generally silent, except for calls during courtship. Male has a "krroo-krraa" call and female has a hard repeated "prrah" call.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Goosander females undergo a post-breeding moult on the breeding grounds during which they become flightless for around 1 month.
  • Gulls often follow flocks as they forage. They wait for the ducks to come to the surface with fish, and then they try to steal their prey.
  • These large fish-eaters have serrated edges to their bills to help them grip their prey. Along with the Smew and the other Mergansers, they are often known as "sawbills."
  • A group of goosanders are collectively known as a "dopping" of goosanders.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Goosander

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX