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Bird name:


Anas querquedula




Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Marshes, Water meadows

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Pale straw-coloured or light-brown.

Number of Eggs:

6 - 14

Incubation Days:

21 - 25

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Hollow lined with feathers, plant material and down.

Nest Location:

Hidden in tall grasses or rushes, near water.




Garganey: Small duck not much larger than Teal. Brown, grey, and black above, light grey and brown below with fine black barring. Brown head has long, white eyebrow. Upperwings mostly pale grey with two white bars and dark green patch on secondaries in flight. Dark grey bill. Female mottled light brown below with white belly, and dark and light brown above. Head is light grey with dark brown crown, white throat, white eyebrow, thick, dark line through eye, and white line below eye. Wings are darker in flight. Juvenile like female but paler.

Range and Habitat

Garganey: Scarce summer breeder. Found in Britain primarily along east coast of England, and on coastlines between England and Scotland. Breeds on lakes, reedbeds, and wetlands including flooded fields and meadows. Visible on passage between England and winter grounds in Africa.

Breeding and Nesting

Garganey: Breeds in single pairs with strong seasonal pair bond. Nest is a depression on the ground in thick vegetation, usually near water. Female builds nest and lines it with leaves, grass, feathers, and down. Female incubates eggs, usually 8 or 9, and cares for newly hatched chicks.

Foraging and Feeding

Garganey: Feeds by"dabbling" and swimming with head underwater. In spring and summer eats mostly molluscs, aquatic insects, crustaceans, worms, frogs, and small fish. Eats seeds of aquatic plants, sedges, wild rice and grass whenever available.


Garganey: Utters a dry, rattling, burping display sound.

Similar Species

Garganey: The Teal has a wide, green eye mask and is distinctly yellow on the sides of rump. Both the Teal and the Gadwall lack the Garganey's broad white band along the sides of the head. The Gadwall also has lighter, orange-coloured legs and is browner overall.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX