Visual Search | Wizard | Browse
Bird name:

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Terns (Sternidae)

BTO 2

BJ

BTO 5

BLATE

Euring 5

06270
iBird Ad

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2013 Whatbird.com

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Black Tern is a passage migrant in the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, most commonly in England. It occurs in a variety of wetland habitats and has a "Green" status because of its large, stable population.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Black Tern: A small waterbird that is black with silvery-grey wings, back, and tail, and a white vent. It has a rather short, sharp, pointed bill, and short, slightly forked tail. The long, pointed wings are used for rapid, graceful flight, as well as hovering over marshes.


Range and Habitat

Black Tern: Formerly a breeding resident, now a spring and autumn passage visitor to the UK and Ireland. European race summers in Europe and western Asian and winters on the west coast of Africa. This wetland tern is most often seen at lakes, reservoirs, coastal lagoons, and estuaries in England. The North American subspecies is a rare vagrant to the UK and Ireland.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Black Tern 4

  • Title: Black Tern 4
  • Description: Flight calls
  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Date Imported: "February 7, 2011"
  • Location: uk

Voice Text

"ka-sheek", "kik-kik-kik"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Black Tern is very social. It breeds in loose colonies and usually forages, roosts,and migrates in flocks of a few to more than 100 birds, occasionally up to tens of thousands.
  • The male performs a display flight where he carries a small fish or dragonfly in view of potential mates. A female that accepts the invitation follows him to a perch where he feeds her the prize.
  • Unlike the "white" Sterna terns, they do not dive for fish. Instead, they forage picking up items near the water's surface or catching flying insects.
  • A group of terns are collectively known as a "U" or a "ternery" of terns.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Black Tern

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

Read more...
ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Read more...
Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX