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Bird name:

Stonechat

Saxicola rubicola

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Chats and Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

BTO 2

SC

BTO 5

STOCH

Euring 5

11390
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Not a species of Concern

Conservation Description


The Stonechat has a large breeding range that includes much of western Europe and Asia (east to China). It winters in southern Europe, in much of the African continent, and southern Asia, and also occurs as a vagrant to the Baltic countries and much of Scandinavia. This small bird frequents open areas with little vegetation. It has a global population estimated at 25,000,000 to 276,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Stonechat is Least Concern.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Stonechat: Small, round thrush with black-brown back and white rump. Underparts are white except for orange breast. Head is black, has white patches on neck. Wings are black-brown with white patches. Tail is black. Bill, legs, feet are black. Active, constantly spreading tail and flicking its wings.


Range and Habitat

Stonechat: Resident in much of the UK and Ireland, particularly around the coasts, especially in the winter. Some European birds winter on the east coast of Britain. Found in heaths and moors, coastal areas and marshes, dunes and conifer plantations. Prefers areas with gorse.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Bernard Sound

Stonechat 3

Song is a series of squeaks and twitters.

Stonechat 4

"Hweet" call.

Stonechat 5

Alarm calls.

Bernard Similar Sounding

Dunnock 2

Tseep call.

Voice Text

"tsk-tsk-tsk", "tchack"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Stonechat was named for its sharp loud call that sounds like two stones being tapped together.
  • In Britain and Europe this species is in decline, mostly due to loss of habitat.
  • The oldest ringed bird was 6 years old.
  • A group of thrushes are collectively known as a "hermitage" and a "mutation" of thrushes.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Stonechat

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX