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Bird name:

Purple Sandpiper

Calidris maritima

Order

CICONIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

BTO 2

PS

BTO 5

PURSA

Euring 5

05100
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the Purple Sandpiper winters in coastal areas, mostly in Ireland, Scotland, and northern England. It also breeds on a few islands in northern Scotland. It has an "Amber" status because of recent population declines.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

SUMMARY

Overview

Purple Sandpiper: Chunky, starling-sized wader. Upperparts dark grey mottled red-brown, black, white, and pale brown. Black streaks on red-brown crown, and pale brown and dark grey face. Broken, white eye ring. White underparts with grey mottling on breast and grey spotting on belly and vent.


Range and Habitat

Purple Sandpiper: Winter visitor and scarce breeder in the UK. Breeding birds are found only in Scotland at secret locations; wintering birds from the Arctic are found at rocky coastlines in Scotland, northern Wales, northern and eastern England and the Cornish coast. Look for birds on rocks feeding at tide edges.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Jean Roche Sound

Purple Sandpiper 1

  • Recordist: Jean Roche
  • Title: Purple Sandpiper 1
  • Description: Calls and "tu-eee, eee, eee" song.
  • Location: uk
  • Date: "February 7, 2011"

Voice Text

"wit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Purple Sandpiper has the northernmost winter range of any shorebird.
  • At Svalbard, the male was found to be primarily responsible for parental care of hatchlings. In other shorebird species, parental care mostly by males is often associated with polyandry, but this species is monogamous.
  • They are among the tamest of shorebirds and are very approachable.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "cluster", "contradiction", "fling", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

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Artist

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HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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BACKYARD BIRDING

System.Xml.XmlException: The 'link' start tag on line 95 position 2 does not match the end tag of 'head'. Line 102, position 4. at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(Exception e) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Throw(String res, String[] args) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ThrowTagMismatch(NodeData startTag) at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseEndElement() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.ParseElementContent() at System.Xml.XmlTextReaderImpl.Read() at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadNode(Boolean skipOverWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.LoadDocSequence(XmlDocument parentDoc) at System.Xml.XmlLoader.Load(XmlDocument doc, XmlReader reader, Boolean preserveWhitespace) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.Load(XmlReader reader) at System.Xml.XmlDocument.LoadXml(String xml) at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX