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Bird name:


Anas crecca




Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Marshes, Moorland, Woodlands

Breeding Type:

Promiscuous, Pairs

Egg Colour:

Smooth and tan-buff or pale olive.

Number of Eggs:

8 - 11

Incubation Days:

21 - 23

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

In dense vegetation, a deep hollow lined with dry leaves and down.

Nest Location:

On the ground hidden by vegetaion.


Most migrate


Teal: Small duck with dark green stripe on chestnut-brown head. Grey back, wings, and flanks with fine black barring. Pale, buff-brown breast with grey spots. Brown-yellow vent with black stripe and border. Grey wings have black, green, and yellow-brown. Dark grey bill. Adult female mostly brown-grey with pale brown-grey on face and dark line behind eye. Fine, pale brown streaks on face and breast, and pale brown mottling on back and sides. White belly. Juvenile like female but darker above, paler below, and with yellow-orange on bill.

Range and Habitat

Teal: Resident breeder and winter visitor in the UK & Ireland. Birds can be seen all year, but especially in winter. Breeding birds prefer northern moorlands, then move south to lowland wetlands where they are joined by birds from the continent in winter. Habitat includes lakes, ponds, streams and marshes.

Breeding and Nesting

Teal: Breeding is in shallow waters near woodlands. Seasonal pair-bond, but males are promiscuous. Elaborate courtship. Nest is a hollow on the ground, well hidden in vegetation, near water. Female builds nest, incubates eggs, and cares for chicks. Male often leaves after female begins incubation.

Foraging and Feeding

Teal: Spring and summer it feeds on molluscs, worms, insects and crustaceans. In winter it feeds on seeds of aquatic plants, grasses, sedges and grain. Forages by dabbling, upending or grazing at night in freshwater wetlands, or along the shore.


Teal: Male makes a "KRICK-et" sound and the female emits a faint "quack."

Similar Species

Teal: Mallard has a completely green head, brown breast, and a thin white collar. Pochard has a black and grey bill, solid brown head and face, black breast, and a black rump and tail.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX